Mohammad Ghori, the young Ghurid Prince conquered Ghaznavids in Afghanistan in the year 1173 CE. He conducted some successful raids into the Indian territory, which even Mahmud Ghazni & the Persians couldn't do.

First&foremost,Ghori invaded states of Multan &Uch in India.After this he turned to southern states of Gujarat &Rajputana.Everybody knows this about Ghori,but what most pple r unaware of is the defeat he suffered at hands of Chalukyan Queen Naiki Devi in 1178 Battle of Kasahrada.
When he marched southwards, his first target was the prosperous fortified town of Anhilwara Patan.
It was the capital of Chalukyas(also known as Solankis of Gujarat) which was established by Vanraj of Chapotkata Dynasty in 8th century.
American historian Tertius Chandler states that it was the 10th largest city in the world at that time. The history of Chalukyas has been written by many historians, but the valour of the Great Queen Naiki Devi remains unsung.
Born to the Kadamba King Paramardin of Goa,Naiki Devi was well trained in sword fighting, horse riding, strategy & every other subject of Statesmanship. She was married to King Ajaypala of Gujarat who sat on throne in 1171CE. Unfortunately,the King died within 4 yrs of his rule.
His elder Son Mularaja II became his successor but it was Rani Naiki Devi who ruled on his behalf as the Queen Regent as he was still a minor. It was during this time only that Ghori invaded Multan, established Ghurid Empire in Afghanistan and was eyeing Anhilwara Patan.
Motivated by the Mahmud Ghazni raid stories and all the wealth that India had to offer, Ghori decided to invade India.He was confident or I must say over-confident to assume that he will capture Anhilwara as there is no King and what resistance an army lead by woman will provide.
He was having these golden dreams in his cruel greedy eyes which were soon to be shattered.
Undaunted by Ghori's possible attack, Naiki Devi took command of the Chalukyan force and strategically organized a well planned counter-attack.
She sent ambassadors to nearby provinces in order to built strategically crucial alliance against the invading enemy. While most of the major Kingdoms didn't respond, she got help from Chalukyan friends like Nadulla Chahman Clan, Jalor Chahman Clan and Arbud Parmar Clan.
Chalukyan Kingdom then consisted of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Realising that the Chalukyan Army is outnumbered, Rani Naiki Devi chose the rugged terrain of Gadaraghatta-near the foot of Mt Abu near village Kasahrada as the site of battle. This was unfamiliar ground for Ghori's Army.
This was the masterstroke by Rani as it gave a huge advantage to her army over the enemy forces.When Ghori arrived Kasahrada, the fiercesome Queen rode into the battle with her son tied on her lap leading a deadly counter-offensive. Ghori's army was full of experienced soldiers.
They were xcellent archers and had bulls like stamina. On top of it, they were motivated by religious zest and enthusiasm. Alike all other Islamic invaders, they were obsessed with killing Kafirs and convert whole non-muslim lands to Islamic ruled.
It's believed that before the battle Ghori sent a messenger to the court of Rani Naiki Devi with a condition that he will not attack if the Queen surrenders to him. Hearing it, Rani approached Ghori camp with her son tied to her lap.
Just when he was thinking that Rani accepted his offer,the army of fierce Rajputs &its war elephants crushed the invading Ghurids who had once beaten the mighty sultans of Multan in Battle. The combined force of the Rajputs under the Queen Naiki Devi wreaked havoc on the Ghurids.
Rani &her forces tore apart the morale of Ghori's experienced army.Strong willed Rani with her unmatchable combat skills,cut down every single Islamic invader dat came in her path.Most astonishing of the fact is dat while all this action was going on,her son was tied to her body.
This Battle turned out to be a major disaster to Mohammad Ghori. Facing a crushing defeat, he fled with a handful of bodyguards and somehow saved himself. His pride was crumbled and he never tried to invade Gujarat again.
As far as the Battle of Kasahrada is concerned, had the fierce warrior Queen of the Chalukyas not taken charge, the Indian history would've been very different.
Battle of Kasahrada was such a turning point in the Chalukyan and Indian History, but the woman who was responsible to create this history doesn't find a mention in the History Textbooks.

More from Vibhu Vashisth

प्राचीन काल में गाधि नामक एक राजा थे।उनकी सत्यवती नाम की एक पुत्री थी।राजा गाधि ने अपनी पुत्री का विवाह महर्षि भृगु के पुत्र से करवा दिया।महर्षि भृगु इस विवाह से बहुत प्रसन्न हुए और उन्होने अपनी पुत्रवधु को आशीर्वाद देकर उसे कोई भी वर मांगने को कहा।

सत्यवती ने महर्षि भृगु से अपने तथा अपनी माता के लिए पुत्र का वरदान मांगा।ये जानकर महर्षि भृगु ने यज्ञ किया और तत्पश्चात सत्यवती और उसकी माता को अलग-अलग प्रकार के दो चरू (यज्ञ के लिए पकाया हुआ अन्न) दिए और कहा कि ऋतु स्नान के बाद तुम्हारी माता पुत्र की इच्छा लेकर पीपल का आलिंगन...

...करें और तुम भी पुत्र की इच्छा लेकर गूलर वृक्ष का आलिंगन करना। आलिंगन करने के बाद चरू का सेवन करना, इससे तुम दोनो को पुत्र प्राप्ति होगी।परंतु मां बेटी के चरू आपस में बदल जाते हैं और ये महर्षि भृगु अपनी दिव्य दृष्टि से देख लेते हैं।

भृगु ऋषि सत्यवती से कहते हैं,"पुत्री तुम्हारा और तुम्हारी माता ने एक दुसरे के चरू खा लिए हैं।इस कारण तुम्हारा पुत्र ब्राह्मण होते हुए भी क्षत्रिय सा आचरण करेगा और तुम्हारी माता का पुत्र क्षत्रिय होकर भी ब्राह्मण सा आचरण करेगा।"
इस पर सत्यवती ने भृगु ऋषि से बड़ी विनती की।

सत्यवती ने कहा,"मुझे आशीर्वाद दें कि मेरा पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करे।"तब महर्षि ने उसे ये आशीर्वाद दे दिया कि उसका पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करेगा किन्तु उसका पौत्र क्षत्रियों सा व्यवहार करेगा। सत्यवती का एक पुत्र हुआ जिसका नाम जम्दाग्नि था जो सप्त ऋषियों में से एक हैं।

The Swastik is a geometrical figure and an ancient religious icon. Swastik has been Sanatan Dharma’s symbol of auspiciousness – mangalya since time immemorial.

The name swastika comes from Sanskrit (Devanagari: स्वस्तिक, pronounced: swastik) &denotes “conducive to wellbeing or auspicious”.
The word Swastik has a definite etymological origin in Sanskrit. It is derived from the roots su – meaning “well or auspicious” & as meaning “being”.

"सु अस्ति येन तत स्वस्तिकं"
Swastik is de symbol through which everything auspicios occurs

Scholars believe word’s origin in Vedas,known as Swasti mantra;

"🕉स्वस्ति ना इन्द्रो वृधश्रवाहा
स्वस्ति ना पूषा विश्ववेदाहा
स्वस्तिनास्तरक्ष्यो अरिश्तनेमिही
स्वस्तिनो बृहस्पतिर्दधातु"

It translates to," O famed Indra, redeem us. O Pusha, the beholder of all knowledge, redeem us. Redeem us O Garudji, of limitless speed and O Bruhaspati, redeem us".


The Swastika represents the living creation in the whole Cosmos.

Hindu astronomers divide the ecliptic circle of cosmos in 27 divisions called
https://t.co/sLeuV1R2eQ this manner a cross forms in 4 directions in the celestial sky. At centre of this cross is Dhruva(Polestar). In a line from Dhruva, the stars known as Saptarishi can be observed.

More from All

1. Mini Thread on Conflicts of Interest involving the authors of the Nature Toilet Paper:
Kristian G. Andersen
Andrew Rambaut
Ian Lipkin
Edward C. Holmes
Robert F. Garry

2. Thanks to @newboxer007 for forwarding the link to the research by an Australian in Taiwan (not on

3. K.Andersen didn't mention "competing interests"
Only Garry listed Zalgen Labs, which we will look at later.
In acknowledgements, Michael Farzan, Wellcome Trust, NIH, ERC & ARC are mentioned.
Author affiliations listed as usual.
Note the 328 Citations!

4. Kristian Andersen (1)
Andersen worked with USAMRIID & Fort Detrick scientists on research, with Robert Garry, Jens Kuhn & Sina Bavari among

5. Kristian Andersen (2)
Works at Scripps Research Institute, which WAS in serious financial trouble, haemorrhaging 20 million $ a year.
But just when the first virus cases were emerging, they received great news.
They issued a press release dated November 27, 2019:

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