Mohammad Ghori, the young Ghurid Prince conquered Ghaznavids in Afghanistan in the year 1173 CE. He conducted some successful raids into the Indian territory, which even Mahmud Ghazni & the Persians couldn't do.

First&foremost,Ghori invaded states of Multan &Uch in India.After this he turned to southern states of Gujarat &Rajputana.Everybody knows this about Ghori,but what most pple r unaware of is the defeat he suffered at hands of Chalukyan Queen Naiki Devi in 1178 Battle of Kasahrada.
When he marched southwards, his first target was the prosperous fortified town of Anhilwara Patan.
It was the capital of Chalukyas(also known as Solankis of Gujarat) which was established by Vanraj of Chapotkata Dynasty in 8th century.
American historian Tertius Chandler states that it was the 10th largest city in the world at that time. The history of Chalukyas has been written by many historians, but the valour of the Great Queen Naiki Devi remains unsung.
Born to the Kadamba King Paramardin of Goa,Naiki Devi was well trained in sword fighting, horse riding, strategy & every other subject of Statesmanship. She was married to King Ajaypala of Gujarat who sat on throne in 1171CE. Unfortunately,the King died within 4 yrs of his rule.
His elder Son Mularaja II became his successor but it was Rani Naiki Devi who ruled on his behalf as the Queen Regent as he was still a minor. It was during this time only that Ghori invaded Multan, established Ghurid Empire in Afghanistan and was eyeing Anhilwara Patan.
Motivated by the Mahmud Ghazni raid stories and all the wealth that India had to offer, Ghori decided to invade India.He was confident or I must say over-confident to assume that he will capture Anhilwara as there is no King and what resistance an army lead by woman will provide.
He was having these golden dreams in his cruel greedy eyes which were soon to be shattered.
Undaunted by Ghori's possible attack, Naiki Devi took command of the Chalukyan force and strategically organized a well planned counter-attack.
She sent ambassadors to nearby provinces in order to built strategically crucial alliance against the invading enemy. While most of the major Kingdoms didn't respond, she got help from Chalukyan friends like Nadulla Chahman Clan, Jalor Chahman Clan and Arbud Parmar Clan.
Chalukyan Kingdom then consisted of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Realising that the Chalukyan Army is outnumbered, Rani Naiki Devi chose the rugged terrain of Gadaraghatta-near the foot of Mt Abu near village Kasahrada as the site of battle. This was unfamiliar ground for Ghori's Army.
This was the masterstroke by Rani as it gave a huge advantage to her army over the enemy forces.When Ghori arrived Kasahrada, the fiercesome Queen rode into the battle with her son tied on her lap leading a deadly counter-offensive. Ghori's army was full of experienced soldiers.
They were xcellent archers and had bulls like stamina. On top of it, they were motivated by religious zest and enthusiasm. Alike all other Islamic invaders, they were obsessed with killing Kafirs and convert whole non-muslim lands to Islamic ruled.
It's believed that before the battle Ghori sent a messenger to the court of Rani Naiki Devi with a condition that he will not attack if the Queen surrenders to him. Hearing it, Rani approached Ghori camp with her son tied to her lap.
Just when he was thinking that Rani accepted his offer,the army of fierce Rajputs &its war elephants crushed the invading Ghurids who had once beaten the mighty sultans of Multan in Battle. The combined force of the Rajputs under the Queen Naiki Devi wreaked havoc on the Ghurids.
Rani &her forces tore apart the morale of Ghori's experienced army.Strong willed Rani with her unmatchable combat skills,cut down every single Islamic invader dat came in her path.Most astonishing of the fact is dat while all this action was going on,her son was tied to her body.
This Battle turned out to be a major disaster to Mohammad Ghori. Facing a crushing defeat, he fled with a handful of bodyguards and somehow saved himself. His pride was crumbled and he never tried to invade Gujarat again.
As far as the Battle of Kasahrada is concerned, had the fierce warrior Queen of the Chalukyas not taken charge, the Indian history would've been very different.
Battle of Kasahrada was such a turning point in the Chalukyan and Indian History, but the woman who was responsible to create this history doesn't find a mention in the History Textbooks.

More from Vibhu Vashisth

राम-रावण युद्ध समाप्त हो चुका था। जगत को त्रास देने वाला रावण अपने कुटुम्ब सहित नष्ट हो चुका था।श्रीराम का राज्याभिषेक हुआ और अयोध्या नरेश श्री राम के नेतृत्व में चारों दिशाओं में शन्ति थी।
अंगद को विदा करते समय राम रो पड़े थे ।हनुमान को विदा करने की शक्ति तो राम में थी ही नहीं ।

माता सीता भी हनुमान को पुत्रवत मानती थी। अत: हनुमान अयोध्या में ही रह गए ।राम दिनभर दरबार में, शासन व्यवस्था में व्यस्त रहते थे। संध्या को जब शासकीय कार्यों में छूट मिलती तो गुरु और माताओं का कुशल-मंगल पूछ अपने कक्ष में जाते थे। परंतु हनुमान जी हमेशा उनके पीछे-पीछे ही रहते थे ।

उनकी उपस्थिति में ही सारा परिवार बहुत देर तक जी भर बातें करता ।फिर भरत को ध्यान आया कि भैया-भाभी को भी एकांत मिलना चाहिए ।उर्मिला को देख भी उनके मन में हूक उठती थी कि इस पतिव्रता को भी अपने पति का सानिध्य चाहिए ।

एक दिन भरत ने हनुमान जी से कहा,"हे पवनपुत्र! सीता भाभी को राम भैया के साथ एकांत में रहने का भी अधिकार प्राप्त है ।क्या आपको उनके माथे पर सिन्दूर नहीं दिखता?इसलिए संध्या पश्चात आप राम भैया को कृप्या अकेला छोड़ दिया करें "।
ये सुनकर हनुमान आश्चर्यचकित रह गए और सीता माता के पास गए ।

माता से हनुमान ने पूछा,"माता आप अपने माथे पर सिन्दूर क्यों लगाती हैं।" यह सुनकर सीता माता बोलीं,"स्त्री अपने माथे पर सिन्दूर लगाती है तो उसके पति की आयु में वृद्धि होती है और वह स्वस्थ रहते हैं "। फिर हनुमान जी प्रभु राम के पास गए ।

More from All

Viruses and other pathogens are often studied as stand-alone entities, despite that, in nature, they mostly live in multispecies associations called biofilms—both externally and within the host.


Microorganisms in biofilms are enclosed by an extracellular matrix that confers protection and improves survival. Previous studies have shown that viruses can secondarily colonize preexisting biofilms, and viral biofilms have also been described.

...we raise the perspective that CoVs can persistently infect bats due to their association with biofilm structures. This phenomenon potentially provides an optimal environment for nonpathogenic & well-adapted viruses to interact with the host, as well as for viral recombination.

Biofilms can also enhance virion viability in extracellular environments, such as on fomites and in aquatic sediments, allowing viral persistence and dissemination.
MASTER THREAD on Short Strangles.

Curated the best tweets from the best traders who are exceptional at managing strangles.

• Positional Strangles
• Intraday Strangles
• Position Sizing
• How to do Adjustments
• Plenty of Examples
• When to avoid
• Exit Criteria

How to sell Strangles in weekly expiry as explained by boss himself. @Mitesh_Engr

• When to sell
• How to do Adjustments
• Exit

Beautiful explanation on positional option selling by @Mitesh_Engr
Sir on how to sell low premium strangles yourself without paying anyone. This is a free mini course in

1st Live example of managing a strangle by Mitesh Sir. @Mitesh_Engr

• Sold Strangles 20% cap used
• Added 20% cap more when in profit
• Booked profitable leg and rolled up
• Kept rolling up profitable leg
• Booked loss in calls
• Sold only

2nd example by @Mitesh_Engr Sir on converting a directional trade into strangles. Option Sellers can use this for consistent profit.

• Identified a reversal and sold puts

• Puts decayed a lot

• When achieved 2% profit through puts then sold
The best morning routine?

Starts the night before.

9 evening habits that make all the difference:

1. Write down tomorrow's 3:3:3 plan

• 3 hours on your most important project
• 3 shorter tasks
• 3 maintenance activities

Defining a "productive day" is crucial.

Or else you'll never be at peace (even with excellent output).

Learn more

2. End the workday with a shutdown ritual

Create a short shutdown ritual (hat-tip to Cal Newport). Close your laptop, plug in the charger, spend 2 minutes tidying your desk. Then say, "shutdown."

Separating your life and work is key.

3. Journal 1 beautiful life moment

Delicious tacos, presentation you crushed, a moment of inner peace. Write it down.

Gratitude programs a mindset of abundance.

4. Lay out clothes

Get exercise clothes ready for tomorrow. Upon waking up, jump rope for 2 mins. It will activate your mind + body.

You May Also Like