RISHI PINGALA:THE ANCIENT INDIAN SAGE DISCREDITED FOR HIS MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO MATHEMATICS & PHI

Have you ever heard about,"The Golden Ratio"?
The Golden Ratio or Phi(Greek) is a mathematical ratio of nature. Mother Nature is the most exquisite artist in herself.

&Its this Phi she uses to create all the beauty in World.
If anyone uses this ratio correctly in their art,it can turn into a spell-binding piece of work.Such is the significance of'Phi'.But my thread isn't about it.Its about somethin called'Fibonacci Series'&who actually made it
Phi is related to Fibonacci series(0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34...)
&this series is responsible for everything dat is beautiful on this planet. Just try to calculate the ratio of any 2 successive numbers ÷ each of them by the number before it in above infinite series.
E.g. 3/2=1.5, 5/3=1.666, 8/5=1.6, 34/21=1.61904 and so on. Did you notice something? The ratio is coming almost same every time. This ratio is called 'Phi 'which is numerically represented as 1:1.618. This Golden Spiral is made in exact proportion of 1:1.618.
The thing I want to emphasize here is that we always find only those things appealing and attractive that have Phi. It's in our subconscious. Isn't it some revelation? We are the part of this Divine proportion of the God or the Mother Nature. Check these:
Modern architects, artists etc. Know about it and that's how they create the modern marvels but even the ancient artists,architects etc. knew about it and that's how they built all those wonders which we still can't stop gushing about.
Now, the question emerges, 'Who discovered this Divine ratio of universal significance on mankind?' We have studied it in our Schools that an Italian scientist named Leonardo Fibonacci gave the concept of this numerical series in 13th century CE. But did he really do it???
The answer most certainly is no. Fibonacci series goes back to more than 2500 yrs ago and it's origin lies in ancient Indian language of Sanskrit.The ancient Indian Rishis &scholars remembered and propagated their knowledge through Sanskrit poetry which made it easy to remember.
2nd century BCE Bharat was ahead of its times in everything.Let it be Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, Astrology , Literature, Philosophy etc, you name it and the ancient Indians knew it. Sanskrit was the most ideal language to share the knowledge right from the Vedic times.
But to make the composition of the Poetry was not that easy a task. To make it easy, beautiful and pleasant to ears something called 'The Sanskrit Prosody' was formed. 'Sanskrit Prosody' or 'the Chhanda Shastra' as the ancient Indians used to call it is a framework of poetry.
This framework uses natural rhythms and pleasant arrangement of tones to create what we call 'Chhanda' in Sanskrit or 'Verse 'in English &hence the term 'Chhanda Shastra' came into being. And this Shastra has its foundations in the mathematical concept known as Fibonacci Sequence
Chhanda Shastra was engineered by an ancient Indian Sage called Pingala. Have you ever heard about him? I m quite sure the answer would be no. Let's get to know him a little.
Rishi Pingala was a 4th century BCE Indian Mathematician and Sanskrit Grammarian.
There are not many specifications available as far as the birth and death of Pingala Rishi is concerned. But what is known about him with evidenced records is that his contributions in the fields of Maths, Science & Literature during the Vedic period were very vast and great.
Many scholars identify him as the younger brother of Panini, a 4th century BCE grammarian and some identify him as the 2nd century BCE scholar called Patanjali. These links are still to be proved but what we know surely with records is that he created 'Chhanda Shastra'.
Pingala's 'Chhanda Shastra' is believed to be the most ancient Sanskrit treatise on prosody. His greatest contributions in the field of Maths include Pascal's Triangle, Binomial Theorem & Fibonacci sequence called as 'Maatra Meru'.
'ChhandaShastra' on 'Sanskrit Prosody' is most exquisite literary masterpiece created by him. Its further extended to the concept of a Pyramid,stacked numbers dat we know by name,'Pascal's Triangle'.But it wasn't the name used by Pingala obviously.He called it 'Meru Prasastara'.
'Meru Prasastara' was a stack of numbers in a Triangle that converged to the Golden Ratio. Halayudha is particularly known for his commentary on Pingala's Meru Prasastara which stands for the staircase to 'Mount Meru' referred to as 'the centre of Hindu civilization'.
There r detailed mentions of Pingala's Chhanda Shastra made by ancient Indian scholars for their respective fields of art.Fibonacci series was used by ancient Indian musicians,poets &architects alike.Astronomer Varamihira used it in his work related to Binomial coefficients.
Acharaya Hemraj strengthened Rishi Pingala's legacy 1000 yrs ago.
The legitimate question is how come the 'Meru Prasastara' of Pingala became world famous as 'Pascal's Triangle' and how come 'Maatra Meru' of Pingala came to be known as 'Fibonacci Series' worldwide.
And this happened not only with Pingala, it has happened with many other ancient Indian Rishis also who have been discredited of the major works they did in the fields of Maths,Science etc.Did this happen bcoz of the raids &ultimately conquest of Bharatvarsh by the western powers
I think so. These forces came to our Motherland, termed us uncivilized, looted our wealth, stole our scriptures, took it back, copied everything and propagated it as theirs. That's what happened. But it must be corrected now. What belongs to us must be returned to us.
What all we have been discredited for, must be accredited to us. It's a universal truth that Bharatvarsh is the source of civilization and all knowledge of the world and it is being proved slowly but steadily.
It's also time for the Indian education system to teach its youth the true history of Bharatvarsh and make them feel proud of their country's lost heritage and ancestral wisdom.

Jai Bharatvarsh 🙏
Jaitu Sanatan 🙏

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दधीचि ऋषि को मनाही थी कि वह अश्विनी कुमारों को किसी भी अवस्था में ब्रह्मविद्या का उपदेश नहीं दें। ये आदेश देवराज इन्द्र का था।वह नहीं चाहते थे कि उनके सिंहासन को प्रत्यक्ष या परोक्ष रुप से कोई भी खतरा हो।मगर जब अश्विनी कुमारों ने सहृदय प्रार्थना की तो महर्षि सहर्ष मान गए।


और उन्होनें ब्रह्मविद्या का ज्ञान अश्विनि कुमारों को दे दिया। गुप्तचरों के माध्यम से जब खबर इन्द्रदेव तक पहुंची तो वे क्रोध में खड़ग ले कर गए और महर्षि दधीचि का सर धड़ से अलग कर दिया।मगर अश्विनी कुमार भी कहां चुप बैठने वाले थे।उन्होने तुरंत एक अश्व का सिर महर्षि के धड़ पे...


...प्रत्यारोपित कर उन्हें जीवित रख लिया।उस दिन के पश्चात महर्षि दधीचि अश्वशिरा भी कहलाए जाने लगे।अब आगे सुनिये की किस प्रकार महर्षि दधीचि का सर काटने वाले इन्द्र कैसे अपनी रक्षा हेतु उनके आगे गिड़गिड़ाए ।

एक बार देवराज इन्द्र अपनी सभा में बैठे थे, तो उन्हे खुद पर अभिमान हो आया।


वे सोचने लगे कि हम तीनों लोकों के स्वामी हैं। ब्राह्मण हमें यज्ञ में आहुति देते हैं और हमारी उपासना करते हैं। फिर हम सामान्य ब्राह्मण बृहस्पति से क्यों डरते हैं ?उनके आने पर क्यों खड़े हो जाते हैं?वे तो हमारी जीविका से पलते हैं। देवर्षि बृहस्पति देवताओं के गुरु थे।

अभिमान के कारण ऋषि बृहस्पति के पधारने पर न तो इन्द्र ही खड़े हुए और न ही अन्य देवों को खड़े होने दिया।देवगुरु बृहस्पति इन्द्र का ये कठोर दुर्व्यवहार देख कर चुप चाप वहां से लौट गए।कुछ देर पश्चात जब देवराज का मद उतरा तो उन्हे अपनी गलती का एहसास हुआ।
🌺कैसे बने गरुड़ भगवान विष्णु के वाहन और क्यों दो भागों में फटी होती है नागों की जिह्वा🌺

महर्षि कश्यप की तेरह पत्नियां थीं।लेकिन विनता व कद्रु नामक अपनी दो पत्नियों से उन्हे विशेष लगाव था।एक दिन महर्षि आनन्दभाव में बैठे थे कि तभी वे दोनों उनके समीप आकर उनके पैर दबाने लगी।


प्रसन्न होकर महर्षि कश्यप बोले,"मुझे तुम दोनों से विशेष लगाव है, इसलिए यदि तुम्हारी कोई विशेष इच्छा हो तो मुझे बताओ। मैं उसे अवश्य पूरा करूंगा ।"

कद्रू बोली,"स्वामी! मेरी इच्छा है कि मैं हज़ार पुत्रों की मां बनूंगी।"
विनता बोली,"स्वामी! मुझे केवल एक पुत्र की मां बनना है जो इतना बलवान हो की कद्रू के हज़ार पुत्रों पर भारी पड़े।"
महर्षि बोले,"शीघ्र ही मैं यज्ञ करूंगा और यज्ञ के उपरांत तुम दोनो की इच्छाएं अवश्य पूर्ण होंगी"।


महर्षि ने यज्ञ किया,विनता व कद्रू को आशीर्वाद देकर तपस्या करने चले गए। कुछ काल पश्चात कद्रू ने हज़ार अंडों से काले सर्पों को जन्म दिया व विनता ने एक अंडे से तेजस्वी बालक को जन्म दिया जिसका नाम गरूड़ रखा।जैसे जैसे समय बीता गरुड़ बलवान होता गया और कद्रू के पुत्रों पर भारी पड़ने लगा


परिणामस्वरूप दिन प्रतिदिन कद्रू व विनता के सम्बंधों में कटुता बढ़ती गयी।एकदिन जब दोनो भ्रमण कर रहीं थी तब कद्रू ने दूर खड़े सफेद घोड़े को देख कर कहा,"बता सकती हो विनता!दूर खड़ा वो घोड़ा किस रंग का है?"
विनता बोली,"सफेद रंग का"।
तो कद्रू बोली,"शर्त लगाती हो? इसकी पूँछ तो काली है"।
⚜️क्या आप राजा शिवि और दो पक्षियों की कथा जानते हैं?⚜️

पुरुवंश में जन्मे उशीनर देश के राजा शिवि बड़े ही परोपकारी और धर्मात्मा थे। जो भी याचक उसने द्वार जाता था कभी खाली हाथ नहीं लौटता था। प्राणिमात्र के प्रति राजा शिवि का बड़ा स्नेह था।


अतः उनके राज्य में हमेशा सुख शांति और स्नेह का वातावरण बना रहता था। राजा शिवि हमेशा ईश्वर की भक्ति में लीन रहते थे। राजा शिवि की परोपकार शीलता और त्याग वृति के चर्चे स्वर्गलोक तक प्रसिद्ध थे।

देवताओं के मुख से राजा शिवि की इस प्रसिद्धि के बारे में सुनकर इंद्र और अग्नि को विश्वास नहीं हुआ। अतः उन्होंने उशीनरेश की परीक्षा करने की ठानी और एक युक्ति निकाली। अग्नि ने कबूतर का रूप धारण किया और इंद्र ने एक बाज का रूप धारण किया दोनों उड़ते-उड़ते राजा शिवि के राज्य में पहुँचे।


उस समय राजा शिवि एक धार्मिक यज्ञ का अनुष्ठान कर रहे थे। कबूतर उड़ते-उड़ते आर्तनाद करता हुआ राजा शिवि की गोद में आ गिरा और मनुष्य की भाषा में बोला राजन! मैं आपकी शरण आया हूँ मेरी रक्षा कीजिये।

थोड़ी ही देर में कबूतर के पीछे-पीछे बाज भी वहाँ आ पहुँचा और बोला राजन! निसंदेह आप धर्मात्मा और परोपकारी राजा है आप कृतघ्न को धन से झूठ को सत्य से निर्दयी को क्षमा से और क्रूर को साधुता से जीत लेते है इसलिए आपका कोई शत्रु नहीं और आप अजातशत्रु नाम से प्रसिद्ध है।

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I just finished Eric Adler's The Battle of the Classics, and wanted to say something about Joel Christiansen's review linked below. I am not sure what motivates the review (I speculate a bit below), but it gives a very misleading impression of the book. 1/x


The meat of the criticism is that the history Adler gives is insufficiently critical. Adler describes a few figures who had a great influence on how the modern US university was formed. It's certainly critical: it focuses on the social Darwinism of these figures. 2/x

Other insinuations and suggestions in the review seem wildly off the mark, distorted, or inappropriate-- for example, that the book is clickbaity (it is scholarly) or conservative (hardly) or connected to the events at the Capitol (give me a break). 3/x

The core question: in what sense is classics inherently racist? Classics is old. On Adler's account, it begins in ancient Rome and is revived in the Renaissance. Slavery (Christiansen's primary concern) is also very old. Let's say classics is an education for slaveowners. 4/x

It's worth remembering that literacy itself is elite throughout most of this history. Literacy is, then, also the education of slaveowners. We can honor oral and musical traditions without denying that literacy is, generally, good. 5/x