It is 2018 and this error message is a mistake from 1974.
This limitation, which is still found in the very latest Windows 10, dates back to BEFORE STAR WARS. This bug is as old as Watergate.
Back when this mistake was made, There was only one Phone Company, because they hadn't been broken up yet. Ted Bundy was still on the loose. Babe Ruth's home run record was about to fall.
You could do neat things with it like copy data off the serial port into a text file, or print a textfile right from the command line!
You can get infinite zeros from /dev/zero, random bytes from /dev/random, etc!
So directories? you don't need 'em. Instead of directories, you just use different disks.
So they're just "everywhere", effectively.
So if you have FOO.TXT and need to print it, you can do "PIP LST:=FOO.TXT" which copies foo.txt to the "file" LST, which is the printer.
but what about extensions? Here's the problem: programs like to name their files with the right extension.
but the program might try to put .TXT on the end of your filename! LST.TXT isn't the printer, right?
Eh. It's a hack, but it works, and this is just on some little microcomputers with 4k of ram, who cares?
But it was big, so naturally IBM wanted it for some "PC" project they were doing in early 1980
MS purchased Tim Paterson's project and developed it into PC-DOS (which later became MS-DOS, if you're not aware)
It was definitely inspired by CP/M, in a lot of ways.
So QDOS and PC-DOS 1.0 have AUX, PRN, CON, LPT, etc, too!
You need them to keep your massive 10mb hard drive organized, obviously!
with directories, Microsoft could now make a C:\DEV folder... but they didn't.
Special files are in EVERY DIRECTORY with EVERY EXTENSION.
So your "DIR > LPT" trick to print the directory listing doesn't break because you're in C:\DOS instead of A:\
And when Windows 95 was released, it was built on top of DOS. So it naturally inherited this behavior. (Windows 1/2/3 similarly did, but Win95 was much more an OS than they were)
But Windows NT wanted compatibility with DOS/Windows programs. And XP merged the two lines.
So these special files still work, FORTY FOUR FUCKING YEARS LATER
it'll tell you NOPE
CON, PRN, AUX, NUL, COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, COM5, COM6, COM7, COM8, COM9, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, LPT4, LPT5, LPT6, LPT7, LPT8, and LPT9
These special-device names are implemented at the OS level, rather than the filesystem level. So they're perfectly valid NTFS filenames, and I was using an NTFS drive in linux.
A couple follow ups:
1. The CP/M inventor's name is "Gary Kildall", not "Gary Kiddal".
Sorry, I posted this at 5am after being in the hospital for like... 8 hours?
It actually required them to be followed by a colon, as if they were a drive name.
So PRN: is the printer, PRN is not.
I didn't mean to imply CP/M did, just DOS, but I don't think I made this clear
PC DOS 1 did support copying to/from special files though, so my general point was correct, even if my example was confusing
It's like you're living on a space station and get trampled by a horse.
More from foone
The funny thing about making the 8-bit-guy into a meme about "repairing" computers with powertools is that the obvious heightening joke would, like, the "8 rounds guy", who fixes computers with firearms
but that would also be him, given that he's also a big gun enthusiast.
so it's inherently hard to satirize the repairing-computers-with-dremels guy, since they're also the guns-guy.
you'd have to go up to like a mythbusters level of overkill.
"this hard drive from 1986 won't spin up. We tried freezing it, tapping it with a rubber hammer, and opening the case to lower the friction... there's only one option left: GET OUT THE C4 EXPLOSIVES!"
The other name for Jörmungandr is Miðgarðsormr, which got rendered into katakana as ミドガルズオルム, or "Midogaruzuorumu".
But when it was translated back into English, the translator didn't get the reference.
So they split that into the city name Midgar and the rest as... "Zolom".
Which is not a word.
It was supposed to be a bit of a pun in Japanese. Midgar, the big city in FF7, is named after Midgard, the Old Norse name for the Earth (as opposed to the other realms of the Nine Worlds)
so obviously a big snake living near the city of Midgar would be the Miðgarðsormr, since that basically translate as "Midgard Serpent"
More from Tech
For technical founders it is irrationally, obscenely hard to reverse years of programming (ba dum bum) that sales is a value-destroying activity. Sales is CLEARLY a value-creating activity, contingent on you have a value-creating product.
The world will not drop what they are doing to adopt your work. This is particularly true in B2B, where simply building a better mousetrap won't overcome the activation energy required to get people with additional non-mice problems to prioritize changing mousetraps today.
This is very non-obvious for founders because founders are not often people who *want* to be sold to. We often come from a background where trying out tools is a bit of a fun hobby. We like looking at all the options, making charts, and ripping out partially complete tests.
"This week I unsuccessfully trialed four software options for automating that thing that has been killing us. Our actual production process remains the same as last week. Don't worry; this was a great use of time." is not a thing you want to write in a progress report to manager.
Taking Down an Insider Threat
"I had all of the advantages. I was already inside the network. No one suspected me. But they found my hack, kicked me off the network...
...and physically hunted me down."
Many pentests start from the outside, wanting to see how the perimeter might be breached.
This pentest started from the inside. My client wanted to assume they had already been breached, and, if breached, how far could an attacker go.
Could they stop me once I was inside?
So they snuck me in. Disguised me as a new employee. Gave me a work computer, an ID badge, an account in their system... hell, I even had a cubicle w/my assumed name on it.
The only person who knew who I really was was their CISO. Everyone else thought I was Jeremy in Marketing.
During most of the first morning, I completed onboarding, made introductions, and completed menial tasks.
But I had to act quick. I only had a week onsite. I had to hack their network while not raising suspicion.
So I set about it.
You have to understand... most "Internal Pentests" are straight forward. The hard part is breaching the network, but once you're inside, it's a target rich environment. End of Life computers, default passwords, everyone a Local Administrator...
After all, why wear a Rolex nowadays?
At #10: the 1973 Seiko 06LC. This was Seiko's first LCD wristwatch: a field-effect liquid crystal display showed six digits of time continuously - you didn't need to press a button to see it either!
At #9: the 1976 Bulova Computron. The side mounted LED display meant you could sneak a peek at how long your meeting was taking without anyone else noticing. Very chic.
At #8: the 1989 Nelsonic Nintendo. This is The Legend Of Zelda version and it's perfect for letting others know you are a master of corporate strategy!
At #7: the 1975 Uranus Calculator watch. This natty number has its keypad on the bezel, which does increase its size. "How big is Uranus?" is a frequent question you'll get if you wear this.
Quick thread on the topic from me below:
If you've followed me in the past you know that I've talked a lot about Xbox is moving beyond the console and has a goal to offer multiple entry points into its ecosystem, with Game Pass being the main entry point into its software and services
Xbox has two goals:— Daniel Ahmad (@ZhugeEX) July 23, 2020
1. Remove barriers to entry in the hardware space
2. Remove barriers to entry in the software and services space.
With the overall goal to grow the number of players in the Xbox ecosystem through multiple entry points and a range of connected services.
This strategy makes a lot of sense on paper, but is proving difficult for Microsoft to execute in the short term.
The aim is to scale Game Pass as a service to reach the entire gaming audience via multiple console offerings, but also beyond console via PC & Mobile (Cloud) etc.
It's also why Xbox has plans to extend Game Pass + xCloud to iOS, Windows and other devices (Smart TV's) in the future.
Its investment in studios and IP aims to increase the value prop of Game Pass, with multiple AAA titles available on the service day 1.
All for $15pm.
Game Pass has already grown to 15 million subscribers, but it's worth noting that the majority of these subs are also Xbox console players.
The goal of reaching the broader gaming audience beyond console will take some time to fully execute for a number of reasons:
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It's all in French, but if you're up for it you can read:
• Their blog post (lacks the most interesting details): https://t.co/PHkDcOT1hy
• Their high-level legal decision: https://t.co/hwpiEvjodt
• The full notification: https://t.co/QQB7rfynha
I've read it so you needn't!
Vectaury was collecting geolocation data in order to create profiles (eg. people who often go to this or that type of shop) so as to power ad targeting. They operate through embedded SDKs and ad bidding, making them invisible to users.
The @CNIL notes that profiling based off of geolocation presents particular risks since it reveals people's movements and habits. As risky, the processing requires consent — this will be the heart of their assessment.
Interesting point: they justify the decision in part because of how many people COULD be targeted in this way (rather than how many have — though they note that too). Because it's on a phone, and many have phones, it is considered large-scale processing no matter what.
Hey folks, have you ever wondered why trans people face constant accusations of fetishism, sexual predation and child abuse/grooming? Well, today let's talk about stochastic terrorism.
So, first we have to talk about what stochastic terrorism actually is. Remember when there was a conspiracy that there was a pedophile ring operating out of a pizza parlour basement, and a crazed gunman showed up? It's that sort of incitement that stochastic terrorism describes.
It's the demonisation or incitement against a group of people or individuals with the intent that other, unaffiliated parties will act upon it; it's the releasing doctored footage and a shooter show up at Planned Parenthood as a direct result of what he's been led to believe.
So with that in mind, let's talk about Russia's extreme anti-LGBT laws that banned the "promotion" of LGBT lifestyles to children. A move that specifically marked LGBT people as a threat to children, and resulted in neo-nazis meting out vigilante "justice" against gay men.
Groups such as this would lure unsuspecting gay men via dating sites, and brutalise and humiliate them on camera. They did so under the guise of combating child abusers, one group calling themselves "Occupy
3-Strong eye contact
4-Fluid hand gestures
5-Let’s others talk more
6-Listens & relates
7-Comfortable Touching people
8-Walk with a swagger
9-Speaks at slower pace
10-Keeps calm under criticism
[ QUICK THREAD ]
How do you feel when you see someone that looks angry?
It’s a downer
No one will want to interact with you if you look pissed all of the time, it’s just negative energy
Plus, smiling is a sign of confidence and boosts others moods
Don’t walk Into any social setting looking like the hunchback
It’s weak and makes you look low energy
Plus, you’re displaying low status with weak posture
Stand up straight with your chin up & chest out like a god
Walk like you’re proud of yourself
3- Strong eye contact
Ever shake someone’s hand & their eyes are either looking down or darting?
It’s weak & you probably won’t trust them
Or in conversation?
Eye contact while talking means you’re listening and paying *Attention*
Strong eye contact displays confidence
4-Fluid hand gestures
Use your hands to talk & express your points
Don’t stand there like a robot
Using the hands can make what you’re talking about exciting
It can also be used to emphasize
Exciting = positive emotion
Remember, making people FEEL is what’s important
18 Things I Would Do At 18:
I was a dumb 18-year-old. I thought I had the world figured out. I didn't.
I stayed up till the wee hours. Drank every liquor invented.
Partied non-stop. Woke up after noon.
Surfed the web aimlessly.
Read BS self-help.
If I could do it all over again, here's 18 things I would do...
PHASE ONE: GET MY MIND RIGHT
ACTION #1: Break the chains - I wish I made the decision earlier. I didn't. I was scared. Anxious. Nervous. I knew once I made the decision, there was no going back.
Don't be like me.
Make the decision at 18. The decision to pave your own path in life. To go against the herd. To choose your own adventure. To commit to whatever sets your heart on fire.
ACTION #2: Cut off every negative person in your life.
Scroll through the contacts in your phone...
Notice how the names make you feel.
Delete any and all names that fill you with doubt and negativity.
ACTION #3: Condition your mind to embrace the producer mindset instead of the consumer mindset.
Consume 20% of the time. Produce 80% of the time.
ACTION #4: Set an intention to make $10k a month and write it out every MORNING and NIGHT as if you already achieved it (in the past tense).
Visualize yourself already having the money as you write.
Does it work?
PHASE TWO: EDUCATION