Rani Tarabai was the brave daughter-in-law of Chhatrapati Shivaji and one of the greatest medieval Monarchs India ever had.
She was born in 1675 to one of the bravest commander-in-chiefs of Shivaji's Army named Hambir Rao Mohite.

Tarabai was just 8yrs old when she was married to Shivaji's younger son, Rajaram. Mughals and Marathas were constantly at war with each other. Shivaji was crowned the ruler of the Independent Maratha Swarajya in 1674 which was established by him.
However,the great leader died in 1680&the Maratha Samrajya went into a complete&total chaos.Marathas saw some very tough times ahead. In 1689,when Raigad Fort fell to the Mughal Army of over 15000,Shivaji's first wife Saibai and his elder son Sambhaji were captured&put to death.
Sambhaji's wife and son Shahu were taken prisoners to the Mughal court. During the same battle, Shivaji's second son Rajaram(Tarabai's husband) , who was the heir to the throne now, managed to escape using a disguise. He made his way to the Gingee Fort in Tamil Nadu.
Mughal General Zulfikar Khan, however, followed them to Gingee laying siege to the Gingee Fort. From 1690-1698,This was the longest siege by a Mughal Army of any Fort which stands testimony to the military and diplomatic credentials of Rani Tarabai.
During the siege, it was Rani Tarabai calling the shots in her husband's name who was having health issues. Not only did she held the Fort but she also directed the fight against Mughals.
In another blow to the Marathas, Rajaram passed away due to a lung ailment in 1700.
Tarabai was widowed at 25 &she had already seen&handled a complete chaos to the best of her ability. Instead of grieving, she organised a well-planned &vigorous opposition to Aurangzeb.
In her short 7 yr tenure as a Regent,Tarabai directed the Maratha resistance against Mughals.
She was aided in her efforts by the very loyal and able Generals Santaji Ghorpade and Dhanaji Jadhav who have been immortalized in the Maratha Folklore for their Guerrilla Warfare Tactics. The Queen was famous to lead her army and destroy the enemy using Guerrilla Tactics.
She was an indomitable warrior Queen deeply devoted to her Kingdom who not only prevented Maratha confederacy from disintegrating but also played a crucial role in rising it to National power.
Amidst repeated failures in crushing Maratha resistance, Aurangzeb died on 2-Mar-1707.
After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughals faced a power vacuum when they decided to release Shahu, son of Sambhaji(Shivaji's elder son). Their aim was to create a dispute regarding the claim on throne. As the Mughals hoped, Shahu challenged Tarabai and her son's claim on the throne.
Tarabai refused as she sensed a betrayel since Shahu was suddenly released by Mughals without any conditions.Dispute took the form of battle in no time.
Since Shahu had a strong legal claim on the throne,General sent by Tarabai to fight him had a change of heart&he switched sides
Shahu succeeded in his ambitions in 1708 with the help of Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath's &new Mughal emperor's resources.
But Tarabai wasn't the one to give up easily&she established a rival court in Kolhapur.Retaliating to this Shahu joined hands with Rajaram's second wife Rajsabai.
Shahu wanted Rajasabai's son Sambhaji II to sit on the Kolhapur Throne. Tarabai and her son Shivaji II were thrown into prison where she spent 16 yrs and her son died.Sambhaji II later turned against Shahu and Shahu reconciled his differences with Tarabai and he released her.
Shahu then placed Tarabai under house arrest in Satara Palace&he used to take her advice&consult her in major administrative, military&diplomatic decisions. When Tarabai was 73yr old,Shahu fell seriously ill&there were no direct descendents of Shivaji left to be appointed as heir
Tarabai then revealed a secret to Shahu at his death bed dat she has a grandson whom she kept away safe fearing his assassination,who is now 22yrs old .So Shahu adopted Tarabai's grandson Ramaraj as his heir&died in 1749.With Tarabai's help the young Prince ascended the throne.
Tarabai died at the age of 86 in her lifetime she witnessed the rise,fall and revival of the Maratha Empire. Had she not taken the reigns of Maratha Empire in her hands in 1701, the History of India could have been very different.

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प्राचीन काल में गाधि नामक एक राजा थे।उनकी सत्यवती नाम की एक पुत्री थी।राजा गाधि ने अपनी पुत्री का विवाह महर्षि भृगु के पुत्र से करवा दिया।महर्षि भृगु इस विवाह से बहुत प्रसन्न हुए और उन्होने अपनी पुत्रवधु को आशीर्वाद देकर उसे कोई भी वर मांगने को कहा।

सत्यवती ने महर्षि भृगु से अपने तथा अपनी माता के लिए पुत्र का वरदान मांगा।ये जानकर महर्षि भृगु ने यज्ञ किया और तत्पश्चात सत्यवती और उसकी माता को अलग-अलग प्रकार के दो चरू (यज्ञ के लिए पकाया हुआ अन्न) दिए और कहा कि ऋतु स्नान के बाद तुम्हारी माता पुत्र की इच्छा लेकर पीपल का आलिंगन...

...करें और तुम भी पुत्र की इच्छा लेकर गूलर वृक्ष का आलिंगन करना। आलिंगन करने के बाद चरू का सेवन करना, इससे तुम दोनो को पुत्र प्राप्ति होगी।परंतु मां बेटी के चरू आपस में बदल जाते हैं और ये महर्षि भृगु अपनी दिव्य दृष्टि से देख लेते हैं।

भृगु ऋषि सत्यवती से कहते हैं,"पुत्री तुम्हारा और तुम्हारी माता ने एक दुसरे के चरू खा लिए हैं।इस कारण तुम्हारा पुत्र ब्राह्मण होते हुए भी क्षत्रिय सा आचरण करेगा और तुम्हारी माता का पुत्र क्षत्रिय होकर भी ब्राह्मण सा आचरण करेगा।"
इस पर सत्यवती ने भृगु ऋषि से बड़ी विनती की।

सत्यवती ने कहा,"मुझे आशीर्वाद दें कि मेरा पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करे।"तब महर्षि ने उसे ये आशीर्वाद दे दिया कि उसका पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करेगा किन्तु उसका पौत्र क्षत्रियों सा व्यवहार करेगा। सत्यवती का एक पुत्र हुआ जिसका नाम जम्दाग्नि था जो सप्त ऋषियों में से एक हैं।

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अस्य श्री गायत्री ध्यान श्लोक:
(gAyatri dhyAna shlOka)
• This shloka to meditate personified form of वेदमाता गायत्री was given by Bhagwaan Brahma to Sage yAgnavalkya (याज्ञवल्क्य).

• 14th shloka of गायत्री कवचम् which is taken from वशिष्ठ संहिता, goes as follows..

• मुक्ता-विद्रुम-हेम-नील धवलच्छायैर्मुखस्त्रीक्षणै:।
muktA vidruma hEma nIla dhavalachhAyaiH mukhaistrlkShaNaiH.

• युक्तामिन्दुकला-निबद्धमुकुटां तत्वार्थवर्णात्मिकाम्॥
yuktAmindukalA nibaddha makutAm tatvArtha varNAtmikam.

• गायत्रीं वरदाभयाङ्कुश कशां शुभ्रं कपालं गदाम्।
gAyatrIm vardAbhayANkusha kashAm shubhram kapAlam gadAm.

• शंखं चक्रमथारविन्दयुगलं हस्तैर्वहन्ती भजै॥
shankham chakramathArvinda yugalam hastairvahantIm bhajE.

This shloka describes the form of वेदमाता गायत्री.

• It says, "She has five faces which shine with the colours of a Pearl 'मुक्ता', Coral 'विद्रुम', Gold 'हेम्', Sapphire 'नील्', & a Diamond 'धवलम्'.

• These five faces are symbolic of the five primordial elements called पञ्चमहाभूत:' which makes up the entire existence.

• These are the elements of SPACE, FIRE, WIND, EARTH & WATER.

• All these five faces shine with three eyes 'त्रिक्षणै:'.
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