Scientists of the modern world credit an English scientist John Dalton (1766 CE -1844 CE) for the Atomic Theory.

And this is because, most of us are not even aware of an ancient Indian Sage named Kanada, who was the first to formulate the theory of atoms, almost 2600 yrs before Dalton and talk about earth's gravity.
Rishi Kanada was born around 600 BCE in Dwarka, Gujarat and he was the son of a philosopher named Ulka. He was fascinated with the minute detailing of the things right from his childhood. Once, when he was very young, he accompanied his father on a journey to Prayaga.
He saw plentiful grains scattered along the path leading to the shore of river Ganga. It's a tradition in Hindu families to scatter the grains for the ants and birds to feed on them. Suddenly, an ant caught his attention, who was feeding on a rice grain.
He was mesmerised by this very fact that how a small grain of rice becomes food for the ant but to satisfy the hunger of a person so many grains are needed together. This incidence made him realize the importance of a single grain of rice.
How the ant was breaking the rice grain into smallest particles to eat it left an impression on his mind &he realised that after a certain point the matter cannot be broken further &that's how he came up with the idea that 'anu' ( atom) was an indestructible particle of matter.
That is how pple started calling him'Kan' as it translates to 'the smallest particle'in Sanskrit.He called indivisible matter'anu' which literally means atom. Kanada compiled a book on his works &called it "Vaisesika Sutras"describing dimensions, motions &chemical rxns of Atoms.
Kanada rishi considered atoms as the smallest of the particles invisible to the eye. These particles he said, were indestructible and hence remain forever. Theorists adhering to this very theory later proposed that atoms of same substance combine to produce...
...biatomic molecules ( dvyanuka), triatomic molecules (tryanuka). The new 'anu' thus formed has similar properties as of 'paramanu'. Kanada also proposed that 'anu' can be combined in different ways to produce chemical changes in presence of external factors like heat & light.
It was rishi kanada who believed that all living beings are composed of five elements namely, " prithvi, agni, jal, vayu, akaasa". Vegetables have only jal. Insects have jal & agni. Birds have prithvi, jal, agni and vayu. Human beings are the only species made of all 5 elements.
Do you know that it was also Rishi Kanada who put forth the theory that 'Grutva' (meaning Gravity in Sanskrit) is responsible for the falling of objects on earth.
According to Kanada, life is an organised form of Atoms & molecules and death is the unorganized form of the same.
Such great works centuries ahead of its time were propounded by the great ancient Indian Sage Kanada,but just b'coz Indian theories lacked empirical evidence,is it justified to discredit them of everything &that too, when those unempirical theories were proved correct years later
Indian theories about the atom are abstract and entangled in philosophy as they were based on logic & not on experimentation but they were much more than that, as those theories connected the Science with Philosophy & Spirituality.
In the words of veteran Australian indologist," Ancient Indian theories were brilliant imaginative explanations of the physical structure of the world, and in a large measure, agreed with the discoveries of modern physics".
Author Dilip Salwi said," If Kanada's sutras were analysed, one would find dat his theories were far more advanced than those forwarded later by modern physicists". Is that the reason dat Kanada's splendid work hasn't been recognised &discredited?
Just think..

🙏Jaitu Sanatan🙏

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सत्यवती ने कहा,"मुझे आशीर्वाद दें कि मेरा पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करे।"तब महर्षि ने उसे ये आशीर्वाद दे दिया कि उसका पुत्र ब्राह्मण सा ही आचरण करेगा किन्तु उसका पौत्र क्षत्रियों सा व्यवहार करेगा। सत्यवती का एक पुत्र हुआ जिसका नाम जम्दाग्नि था जो सप्त ऋषियों में से एक हैं।

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