Latin phrase for "to the person”—an attack of the individual rather than the argument.
Instead of addressing the argument and its merits, the offender attempts to refute the opposition on the basis of personal characteristics.
All-too-common in political debates.
A man fires a gun at a barn wall and then paints a target around the tightest cluster of bullet holes to create the appearance of accuracy.
The offender selects and highlights evidence that supports the conclusion—while ignoring evidence that may refute it.
Sunk costs are economic costs already invested in an activity that cannot be recovered.
The fallacy is found in thinking that you should continue on the basis of all that you've put in—with no regard for future costs or likelihood of ultimate success.
The kippered herring was a smelly fish used to distract hunting dogs while training them to focus on a scent.
"Red herring" is now synonymous with distraction.
The offender distracts from the argument with a seemingly related—but actually unrelated—point.
Setup a straw man that can be ripped down.
The offender ignores the actual argument and replaces it with a flimsy, easily-refuted argument—a "straw man".
By replacing a strong argument with a weak one, the offender aims to create the illusion of a swift victory.
The over-reliance on the perspective of an "expert" to support the legitimacy of an argument.
The qualifications of the figure in the field of question must be considered.
Expert support can be a feature—but not the sole pillar—of the argument.
Only presenting two choices or alternatives when there are many more that exist.
This ignores nuance and lends itself to extreme positions.
Typically reduces the potential for compromise—as the two options are painted as being extremely far apart.
A flimsy argument framework that says since Event B followed Event A, Event B must have been caused by Event A.
Just because B followed A, doesn’t necessarily mean that B was caused by A.
Correlation ≠ Causation.
You cannot understand or believe something, so you argue that it cannot be true.
Complex topics often require significant upfront work to understand—an inability to do so immediately cannot be used to argue the illegitimacy of a claim.
The inability to provide evidence that a claim is false is used as justification that the claim is true.
Remember, the burden of proof always lies with the person making the claim to provide evidence.
The lack of refuting evidence IS NOT supporting evidence.
Internalize them. Call them out. Avoid them.
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10 common mental errors that derail decision-making:— Sahil Bloom (@SahilBloom) December 11, 2021
More from Sahil Bloom
A thread on its meaning and how it can change your life...
Ikigai is a combination of the Japanese words “iki” (or “life”) and “gai” (a term to describe value or worth).
It roughly translates to “reason for being.”
It is all-encompassing - it is not simply about work, money, or success - it is about the full scope of your existence.
Ikigai is the point of balance and harmony in your life and work.
It is found at the intersection of:
(1) What you love to do
(2) What you are good at
(3) What the world needs
(4) What you can be paid for
Importantly, it is at the nexus of passion and practicality.
The concept of Ikigai can be traced back to 12th century Japan, but its exact genesis is unknown.
It gained a mainstream following after Dan Buettner’s famous 2009 @TEDTalks on his research on @BlueZones (regions where people live longer than average).
In his research, Dan Buettner found that purpose and fulfillment led to improved longevity.
Put simply, embracing the concept of Ikigai contributed to enhanced health (mental and physical) and longer lifespans.
I got 2,000+ responses.
THREAD: 20 of the most iconic marketing and advertising campaigns in history:
De Beers “Diamonds are Forever”
Arguably the most iconic, controversial, and impactful marketing campaign in history.
Created the massive, global diamond industry.
(Note: This will be the subject of a future thread…)
Coke vs. Pepsi Superman Battle
Pepsi ran the Halloween ad on the left. Coke responded with the ad on the right.
Game, set, match.
The Original Apple iPod Campaign
“1,000 songs in your pocket”
Simple, intuitive, genius.
Starbucks Wrong Names on Cups
Starbucks employees writing the names of millions of customers in hilariously wrong ways to get them to post the images across social media with Starbucks branding.
1) Enjoy Being Wrong: The most successful people legitimately enjoy being wrong. They’ve learned to embrace new information that forces you to change your viewpoint—these "software updates" improve upon the old.
2) Work in Sprints: Parkinson's Law says that work expands to fill the time available for its completion. Winners typically work like lions instead—sprint, rest, repeat.
3) Antifragile: Life is chaotic. The best aren't broken by the chaos—they build structure to benefit from it.
4) Paranoia: Highly-successful people share a surprising fear that all of the success is suddenly going to disappear. It creates a drive for continued growth.
5) Self-Awareness: The most successful people are hyper self-aware. They know their unique edge (and their weaknesses).
6) Compartmentalization: An uncanny ability to compartmentalize. They turn off outside stressors and focus exclusively on the task at hand.
7) Focus on Questions, Not Answers: They ask great questions. It allows them to aggregate insights more effectively.
8) Expert Advice Filters: Winners have learned how to filter and selectively implement advice—take the signal, skip the noise.
9) Impatient Long-Term Thinkers: Long-term thinking plus short-term impatience for action is the recipe for success.
The most powerful razors I’ve found:
The Feynman Razor
Complexity and jargon are used to mask a lack of deep understanding.
If you can’t explain it to a 5-year-old, you don’t really understand it.
If someone uses a lot of complexity and jargon to explain something, they probably don’t understand it.
The Luck Razor
When choosing between two paths, choose the path that has a larger luck surface area.
Your actions put you in a position where luck is more likely to strike.
It’s hard to get lucky watching TV at home—it’s easy to get lucky when you’re engaging and learning.
The Arena Razor
When faced with two paths, choose the path that puts you in the arena.
It's easy to throw rocks from the sidelines.
It's scary and lonely in the arena—but it's where growth happens.
Once you're in the arena, never take advice from people on the sidelines.
The Optimist Razor
When choosing who to spend time with, prioritize spending more time with optimists.
Pessimists see closed doors. Optimists see open doors—and probably kick down the closed doors along the way.
Remember: Pessimists sound smart, optimists get rich.
More from Principles
THREAD: 20 common logical fallacies to learn, identify, and avoid:
Latin for "to the person" - an attack of the person rather than the argument.
Instead of addressing the argument and its points and merits, the offender attempts to refute the opposition on the basis of personal characteristics.
All-too-common in politics.
The Texas Sharpshooter
A Texan fires a gun at a barn wall and then paints a target around the closest cluster of bullet holes to create the appearance of accuracy.
Selecting and highlighting evidence that supports the conclusion while ignoring evidence that may refute it.
The Bandwagon Fallacy
An assumption of truth on the basis of the majority of people believing it to be true.
"Everyone believes X, so obviously X is true."
Typically offered without regard for the qualifications or ability of the people in question to validate the claim.
The offender ignores the actual argument and replaces it with a flimsy, distorted, easily-refuted argument (a “straw man”).
By replacing a strong argument with a weak one, the offender can create the illusion of an easy, swift victory.
= THREAD =
1. Anchoring bias
This is when you base all your decisions on the first information you receive
If I told you my service was $1000
Then you came back a week later and I said $500 you would think you were getting a deal
You can use this to sell your product to anyone
2. Availability heuristic bias
You overestimate the importance of the mainstream media
People make decisions based more on stories and news than real information
If people see there is a problem with public school
Then they will start homeschooling their children
3. Bandwagon bias
You will believe something not because of what you believe but because you want to be part of the majority
This is dangerous
Avoid groupthink and speak up in situations where you feel pressured to agree with everyone else
4. Choice supportive bias
You have the tendency to defend something just because you chose it
Think about IPhone users
They only see the good and avoid the negative sides
If you avoid this you can use it as an advantage to those who can’t
Don’t be a consumer, be a creator
The spiritual path is not for the faint of heart.
It is both the toughest of life’s paths and the most rewarding.
All journeys are unique.
But all lead to the same place: total love and oneness.
The path requires alignment of mind, body, and spirit.
All are a part of You.
One without the other leads to imbalance.
Recognize and nurture all aspects of You.
I’ll show you how.
Your mind is trying to process all available information to protect you.
The problem: it gets tripped up.
We live in a world of constant fear-based stimulation.
Most of modern society is designed to feed and profit off of your mind.
1.1/ Pause your mind
This is effectively what meditation is and why it’s so powerful.
Some meditators use a mantra so as to have one repetitive thing to repeat.
This helps unwind cyclical thoughts.
It breaks the mind free from it’s shackles.
It stops the churn.
You don't value enough what you already have.
You cannot have thoughts without using any language.
Your 1 negative thought is as powerful as 5 positive thoughts.
You can change your past by changing the underlying meaning of those memories.
1. “Sometimes people don't want to hear the truth because they don't want their illusions destroyed.”
- Friedrich Nietzsche
2. “I'm not upset that you lied to me,
I'm upset that from now on I can't believe you.”
- Friedrich Nietzsche
3. “You have your way. I have my way.
As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”
- Friedrich Nietzsche
4. "To live is to suffer, to survive is to find some meaning in the suffering."
- Friedrich Nietzsche
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It is really very tough to match the brilliance and achievements of Vidyaranya. After whom came 15 - Chandrashekara Bharati [1386-1389].
The next Acharya was Nrisimha Bharati [1389-1408]. Harihara raya found a town for this Acharya - Narasimhapuram. Acharya helped the king by guiding him in political affairs. He also initiated the kind with mahamantras for spiritual development.
Subsequent Acharyas were
15-Puroshottama Bharati [1408 - 1448]
16-Shankara Bharati[1448 - 1455]
17-Chandrasekhara Bharati II [1455 - 1464]
18- Nrisimha Bharati II [1464 - 1479]
19-Puroshottama Bharati II [1479 - 1517]
20-Ramachandra Bharati [1517 - 1560]. Sadashiva Raya was emporer of Vijayanagara during this time.
21-Nrisimha Bharati III [1560 - 1573]
22-Nrisimha Bharati IV [1573 - 1576]
23-Nrisimha Bharati V [1576 - 1600]
24-Abhinava Nrisimha Bharati [1600-1623]. When he visited Malahanikareswara temple for first time he noticed there was no Vinayaka there so he took piece of turmeric and drew outline of Ganesha on a pillar and offered puja.
I'll begin with the ancient history ... and it goes way back. Because modern humans - and before that, the ancestors of humans - almost certainly originated in Ethiopia. 🇪🇹 (sub-thread):
The famous \u201cLucy\u201d, an early ancestor of modern humans (Australopithecus) that lived 3.2 million years ago, and was discovered in 1974 in Ethiopia, displayed in the national museum in Addis Ababa \U0001f1ea\U0001f1f9 pic.twitter.com/N3oWqk1SW2— Patrick Chovanec (@prchovanec) November 9, 2018
The first likely historical reference to Ethiopia is ancient Egyptian records of trade expeditions to the "Land of Punt" in search of gold, ebony, ivory, incense, and wild animals, starting in c 2500 BC 🇪🇹
Ethiopians themselves believe that the Queen of Sheba, who visited Israel's King Solomon in the Bible (c 950 BC), came from Ethiopia (not Yemen, as others believe). Here she is meeting Solomon in a stain-glassed window in Addis Ababa's Holy Trinity Church. 🇪🇹
References to the Queen of Sheba are everywhere in Ethiopia. The national airline's frequent flier miles are even called "ShebaMiles". 🇪🇹
...In May 2017- Prince alwaleed tala sold his soul to the 13 bloodline families
Thread.. please retweet this truth 🙏
Trump visits the Middle East and receives royal Saudi welcome, highest Saudi honour by receiving the golden collar of abdulaziz al Saud
Not been seen with past presidents ...
When trump arrived in the summer of 2017 14/09/2017 he laid out all the documents, all the folders and they had all the photographs, disks, cds, dvds with all footage of them doing horrific things, the NSA has it all!
2 weeks later the richest men begun getting arrested...
They hand picked Obama, alwaleed tala decided to make Obama the linchpin of the us presidency. Barack has connections all over the cabal
These are turn-based wargames for windows 3.x, sharing the same engine.
Battles in a Distant Desert is from 1992, and is based on the first Iraq war (Desert Storm)
and Battles on Distant Planets is from 1991, and takes place in SPACE!
I'm pretty sure this is the one I played as a kid.
They've got 3 options to play with:
* Player vs. Player
* Player vs. Computer
* Computer vs. Computer
So it's a 0-2 player game!
They also did a DOS strategy game called "STARDATE 2140.2: GALACTIC CONQUEST" in 1990, but it seems to be lost.
All the games share an experimental AI system based on neural networks.