Today in pulp I look at the scandalous history of lady jeans!

Well there's a turn-up...

The denim jean and its predecessor the dungaree have a long history, and were traditionally seen as work wear for men.

But WWII changed all that...
As women headed for the factories and shipyards they found that a sturdy denim bib-n-brace, paired with a stout headscarf, was the way to go!
Coarse heavy 'jeens' were fine for riveting work, but 1940s women didn't take a shine to them as leisure wear. For one thing they were voluminous and shapeless.
Jeans were also seen as clothing for children. No adult wanted to be seen wearing kid's dungarees in public.

Or did they?
After WWII ended women's fashion initially reverted to type: mid-length in the skirt, long in the arm and with something fetching around the neck.

But one group of gals wasn't having any of it...
Bobby Soxers were teenage fans of pre-Rock 'n' Roll pop music - especially Frank Sinatra. They were also gang girls with a rigid look: ankle socks, sweaters, big shirts and rolled up blue jeans!
Soxers were the first proto-teens: cliquey, raucous and determined to stand out. Soon they would be joined by many others.
The moral panic over Rock 'n' Roll in the 1950s wasn't just about hot rods and rumbles - it also swept up the disquiet about independent teen girls that had been building since the Bobby Soxers.
And nothing said 'trouble' louder than a young girl in blue jeans and a yellow sweater. Soon the look became a shorthand for teen delinquency!
The 'dungaree set' were the girls you didn't let your daughter hang out with: they smoked, they drank, they ran with gangs, they made out with boys - a lot!

"Something must be done!" came the cry...
And jeans manufacturers cried it the loudest! Denim production had risen during the war and now they were looking for new markets to exploit. Could they make 'lady jeans' into a mainstay of a traditional woman's wardrobe?
Starting in the mid-1950s manufacturers such as Lee, Levi and Wrangler began aggressively marketing 'western' jeans to women: playing up their cowboy heritage and playing down their hoodlum reputation.
All the tricks of marketing were used: they were renamed Ranch Pants...
...they were tailored to have a flattering silhouette...
...and they were heavily linked to wholesome living! The blue jean was changed from a symbol of rebellion to a statement of modern leisure and domesticity.
The popularity of jeans has waxed and waned over the years, but one thing is certain: they're no longer factory wear.

Ladies in Levi's - Twitter salutes you, however you choose to wear them!

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Translucent agate bowl with ornamental grooves and coffee-and-cream marbling. Found near Qift in southern Egypt. 300 - 1,000 BC. 📷 Getty Museum https://t.co/W1HfQZIG2V


Technicolor dreambowl, found in a grave near Zadar on Croatia's Dalmatian Coast. Made by melding and winding thin bars of glass, each adulterated with different minerals to get different colors. 1st century AD. 📷 Zadar Museum of Ancient Glass
https://t.co/H9VfNrXKQK


100,000-year-old abalone shells used to mix red ocher, marrow, charcoal, and water into a colorful paste. Possibly the oldest artist's palettes ever discovered. Blombos Cave, South Africa. 📷https://t.co/0fMeYlOsXG


Reed basket bowl with shell and feather ornaments. Possibly from the Southern Pomo or Lake Miwok cultures. Found in Santa Barbara, CA, circa 1770. 📷 British Museum https://t.co/F4Ix0mXAu6


Wooden bowl with concentric circles and rounded rim, most likely made of umbrella thorn acacia (Vachellia/Acacia tortilis). Qumran. 1st Century BCE. 📷 https://t.co/XZCw67Ho03

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