I've used Microsoft Excel for 20 years and these 10 shortcuts will make you an Excel Guru in 5 minutes & maximize your productivity 100x:

🧵 Don't use Excel without knowing these 10 shortcuts:

(1) Repeat the Last Action: Ctrl + Y

You have just applied a formatting style to a cell, use Ctrl + Y to quickly apply the same formatting to another cell.
(2) Display Formulas in cells: Ctrl + ~

If you have a cell that contains a formula, you can use Ctrl + ~ to switch between the formula view and the value view of the cell. This allows you to see the underlying formula used to calculate the cell value.
(3) AutoSum: Alt + =

The AutoSum shortcut is useful for quickly calculating the sum of a range of cells without having to manually type in the formula
(4) Insert current date: Ctrl + ; (date)

When tracking the progress of a project, add the date each time a task is completed. Use Ctrl + ; to quickly insert the current date.
(5) Insert a hyperlink: Ctrl + K

This shortcut is useful for quickly creating a hyperlink to a website, file, or another location in your spreadsheet.
(6) Paste Special: Ctrl + Alt + V

This shortcut opens the Paste Special dialog box, allowing you to select the options for pasting the copied data, such as formatting, formulas, values, or comments.
(7) Fill down: Ctrl + D

This is useful for quickly copying data or formulas from the top cell to the cells below.
(8) Freeze Panes: Alt + W + F + F

If you have data with headers in the top row, and you want to keep the headers visible while scrolling, use Alt + W + F + F to freeze the top row, so the headers remain visible while scrolling through the data.
(9) Autosize columns: Alt + H + O + I

If you have multiple columns, and some of the columns contain text or numbers that are too wide to display in full, then use Alt + H + O + I to quickly adjust the width of the columns to display the full content of the cells.
(10) Add Filters: Ctrl + Shift + L

This shortcut adds a filter to the selected cells, allowing you to sort and filter the data based on certain information, such as sales data for a time period or region.

Use filter options to display only the information you need.
(11) Find & replace: Ctrl + H

If you have a word or value you need to replace with something else, use Ctrl + H to enter the text or value you want to find, and then enter the text or value you want to replace it with, to replace all instances of it.
(12) Insert Comment in a Cell: Shift + F2

This shortcut is useful for adding comments to cells to provide additional information or context about the data.
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#தினம்_ஒரு_திருவாசகம்
தொல்லை இரும்பிறவிச் சூழும் தளை நீக்கி
அல்லல் அறுத்து ஆனந்தம் ஆக்கியதே – எல்லை
மருவா நெறியளிக்கும் வாதவூர் எங்கோன்
திருவாசகம் என்னும் தேன்

பொருள்:
1.எப்போது ஆரம்பித்தது என அறியப்படமுடியாத தொலை காலமாக (தொல்லை)

2. இருந்து வரும் (இரும்)


3.பிறவிப் பயணத்திலே ஆழ்த்துகின்ற (பிறவி சூழும்)

4.அறியாமையாகிய இடரை (தளை)

5.அகற்றி (நீக்கி),

6.அதன் விளைவால் சுகதுக்கமெனும் துயரங்கள் விலக (அல்லல் அறுத்து),

7.முழுநிறைவாய்த் தன்னுளே இறைவனை உணர்த்துவதே (ஆனந்த மாக்கியதே),

8.பிறந்து இறக்கும் காலவெளிகளில் (எல்லை)

9.பிணைக்காமல் (மருவா)

10.காக்கும் மெய்யறிவினைத் தருகின்ற (நெறியளிக்கும்),

11.என் தலைவனான மாணிக்க வாசகரின் (வாதவூரெங்கோன்)

12.திருவாசகம் எனும் தேன் (திருவா சகமென்னுந் தேன்)

முதல்வரி: பிறவி என்பது முன்வினை விதையால் முளைப்பதோர் பெருமரம். அந்த ‘முன்வினை’ எங்கு ஆரம்பித்தது எனச் சொல்ல இயலாது. ஆனால் ‘அறியாமை’ ஒன்றே ஆசைக்கும்,, அச்சத்துக்கும் காரணம் என்பதால், அவையே வினைகளை விளைவிப்பன என்பதால், தொடர்ந்து வரும் பிறவிகளுக்கு, ‘அறியாமையே’ காரணம்

அறியாமைக்கு ஆரம்பம் கிடையாது. நமக்கு ஒரு பொருளைப் பற்றிய அறிவு எப்போதிருந்து இல்லை? அதைச் சொல்ல முடியாது. அதனாலேதான் முதலடியில், ஆரம்பமில்லாத அஞ்ஞானத்தை பிறவிகளுக்குக் காரணமாகச் சொல்லியது. ஆனால் அறியாமை, அறிவின் எழுச்சியால், அப்போதே முடிந்து விடும்.
How can we use language supervision to learn better visual representations for robotics?

Introducing Voltron: Language-Driven Representation Learning for Robotics!

Paper: https://t.co/gIsRPtSjKz
Models: https://t.co/NOB3cpATYG
Evaluation: https://t.co/aOzQu95J8z

🧵👇(1 / 12)


Videos of humans performing everyday tasks (Something-Something-v2, Ego4D) offer a rich and diverse resource for learning representations for robotic manipulation.

Yet, an underused part of these datasets are the rich, natural language annotations accompanying each video. (2/12)

The Voltron framework offers a simple way to use language supervision to shape representation learning, building off of prior work in representations for robotics like MVP (
https://t.co/Pb0mk9hb4i) and R3M (https://t.co/o2Fkc3fP0e).

The secret is *balance* (3/12)

Starting with a masked autoencoder over frames from these video clips, make a choice:

1) Condition on language and improve our ability to reconstruct the scene.

2) Generate language given the visual representation and improve our ability to describe what's happening. (4/12)

By trading off *conditioning* and *generation* we show that we can learn 1) better representations than prior methods, and 2) explicitly shape the balance of low and high-level features captured.

Why is the ability to shape this balance important? (5/12)

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The entire discussion around Facebook’s disclosures of what happened in 2016 is very frustrating. No exec stopped any investigations, but there were a lot of heated discussions about what to publish and when.


In the spring and summer of 2016, as reported by the Times, activity we traced to GRU was reported to the FBI. This was the standard model of interaction companies used for nation-state attacks against likely US targeted.

In the Spring of 2017, after a deep dive into the Fake News phenomena, the security team wanted to publish an update that covered what we had learned. At this point, we didn’t have any advertising content or the big IRA cluster, but we did know about the GRU model.

This report when through dozens of edits as different equities were represented. I did not have any meetings with Sheryl on the paper, but I can’t speak to whether she was in the loop with my higher-ups.

In the end, the difficult question of attribution was settled by us pointing to the DNI report instead of saying Russia or GRU directly. In my pre-briefs with members of Congress, I made it clear that we believed this action was GRU.