RANI GAIDINLIU:THE LESSER KNOWN FREEDOM FIGHTER

Rani Gaidinliu joined the freedom struggle at 13 &was sentenced to life imprisonment at 16."We r free people—the White should not rule over us.”Thus calling out to her Zeliangrong tribesmen was the voice of 13yr-old Rani Gaidinliu.

She joined the freedom struggle in the present-day Northeast India. Today, her struggle is lost in history as most of her countrymen wouldn’t even have heard her name. B'coz our history textbooks tell us that only Mahatma Gandhi &Pandit Nehru got India its Independence.
At 16 yrs of age, this valiant girl was sentenced to life imprisonment for leading a movement to drive out the colonial rulers from Manipur and Nagaland. Nevertheless, she was released in 1947 after India’s independence and was given the title ,"Rani of Nagas".
EARLY LIFE AND HERAKA MOVEMENT

Gaidinliu belonged to the Rongmei clan of the Zeliangrong tribe in the Tamenglong district of western Manipur. Born on January 26, 1915, she was fifth among eight children.
Her native village was Nungkao, which is present day Tamenglong distt. Brought up in a specially backward region,she couldn't receive any formal education. However,this didn't stop her from joining the freedom struggle. At the age of 10 she came under the influence of her cousin.
Her cousin Haipou Jadonang,was then leading a socio-political movement called 'Heraka' meaning 'Pure',seeking to drive out British from the region.Movement took inspiration from ancestral Naga https://t.co/ild0YVgJ7v span of 6 yrs he gathered strong support from various tribes...
..and emerged as a strong voice of opposition against the foreign https://t.co/lEDa8DXquY feb 1931,he was arrested and in a fake trial by British was found guilty and was hanged on 29 Aug 1931at Imphal jail. Meanwhile, Gaidinliu become a strong force in the Heraka movement.
She started leading guerrilla attacks on the British forces. With the death of Jadonang, the leadership of the Heraka movement fell upon Gaidinliu, who was barely 16 at that time.

RANI-THE LEADER OF MASSES

After her brother's death, she began to rebel against the British rule.
She asked fellow tribemen to refuse to pay tax &called out for https://t.co/6LzGyKjmdc her work against foreigners,she was assisted by donations from local Naga community.When she got majority on her side,refusing to cooperate with British,she posed a huge threat to Colonial rule
As a result,British launched a manhunt or rather I should say womanhunt to capture her,with monetary reward going to anyone who gave reliable info. Despite these efforts by authorities,she evaded arrest by moving across regions of Assam,Nagaland &Manipur with her loyal followers.
In early 1932,her forces engaged in Armed combat with Assam Rifles in North Cachar hills & Hangrum village. With her dissent growing, the British assigned a special troop of Assam Rifles led by Cap. McDonald to arrest Gaidinliu.
As soon as Cap. got the info of Gaidinliu located in a village called Pulomi, he launched a surprise attack and she with her followers were captured on Oct 17,1932.She was handcuffed and taken on foot to Kohima & later tried in Imphal. Her trial went on for 10 mnths.
After the trial,she was falsely convicted of murder and was sentenced to life imprisonment. From 1933-1947,she served time at Guwahati,Shillong,Aizawl &Tura jails.
In Northeast,Rani Gaidinliu was leader of her own people.Even after her release,she worked to empower &uplift weak.
In 1966,she orgainsed a resistance movement against Naga National Council,which led insurgents. However,today many Nagas choose not to acknowledge her.Despite this,she was recognized as a freedom fighter &was awarded Tamrapatra in 1972&was felicitated with Padma Bhushan in 1982.
In 1993, Gaidiniu died in disappointment as the govt couldn't fulfil the promises of making a separate 'Zaliangrong Administrative Unit' under the Union of India. Only a stamp was released in her memory in 1994.
She was a strong willed Woman of Substance,who dared to challenge the Might of British Empire &India doesn't even know this brave child of hers.Even today her sacrifice remains unknown to most of us.
We must know the actual freedom fighters of Bharat Mata &know our true history.

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