Did you know?
Ahilyabai Holkar was one of India's
greatest women rulers of all time.

Ahilyabai was Born on May 31,1725 in the village of Chondi,Jamkhed distt,Maharashtra to a man named Mankoji Shinde,who was the Patil(Chief) of a village and a member of proud Dhangar Community.

Despite the fact that girls' education was a farther dream in those days, Ahilyabai was homeschooled by her father.
Ahilya didn't belong to any royal family but in a twist of fate she is still remembered as one of the most revered Queen in the history.
While they were living their humdrum lives, one day Malhar Rao Holkar, commander of the Peshwa Bajirao & Lord of the Malwa stopped in Chondi on his way to Pune, where he couldn't help but notice a young 8yrs old Ahilyabai in the temple service feeding the poor & hungry.
He was so impressed by the sheer innocence&beauty with simplicity character of Ahilyabai dat he asked her hand in marriage for his son Khanderao Holkar.Just like that she got married to Khanderao in 1733 at a tender age of 8&became a bride of esteemed Maratha community of Holkars
But destiny had something else in store for her as her husband died in the Battle of Kumbher in 1754 leaving her widow at 29.Distressed Ahilyabai was to commit Sati when her father-in-law Malhar Rao refused to let it happen.
Her Father-in-law instead introduced her to the administrative & military affairs of the state which she became very good at. Malhar Rao passed away in 1766, 12yrs after the death of his son and Ahilyabai could see the Kingdom fall apart in front of her eyes.
Ahilyabai's only son, Male Rao Holkar, who was minor at that time had to ascend the throne under Ahilyabai's regency. But the last and most severe blow came when Male Rao too died in 1767, just a few months into his rule. A woman who lost her husband, father-in-law and son...
...consecutively would be expected to break down completely but Ahilya emerged stronger for her Kingdom and her people.
She petitioned the Peshwa and took administration in her own hands, ascended the throne and became the ruler of Indore in 1767.
A slight opposition was tackled by the Holkar Army who was very supportive of her leadership. Witnessing the tremendous support of the people of Malwa in favour of Ahilyabai, Peshwa granted her the power to lead the administration.
Ahilyabai appointed Tukoji Holkar( Adopted son of Malhar Rao Holkar) as her new military head.
Ahilyabai led the Army into several wars in which she also faught with great valour alongside the soldiers, being a great warrior and skilled archer, horserider herself.
The great Holkar Queen protected her Kingdom by the plundering invaders like Bhils,Gonds etc .
The Queen of Malwa slaughtered her enemies and invaders in the battles with four bows and quivers of arrows fitted to the corners of the howdah of her favourite elephant.
Apart from being a valiant Queen and ardent ruler, Rani Ahilyabai was also an incredible politician.
Rani Ahilyabai ruled Malwa in most enlightened manner. She never observed 'Purdah' and held daily Jansabha and was easily accessible to anyone in need.
She developed Indore from a small village to a magnificent city.She made Maheshwar on the banks of River Narmada,her capital.She built many forts &roads in Malwa & was a great patron of Arts and Hindu Temples. She built many temples, wells and ghats from Himalayas to South India.
Bhartiya SanskritiKosh enlists many places which were developed by Rani Ahilyabai.Names of a few r Kashi,Gaya,Somnath, Ayodhya,Mathura,Hardwar,Dwarka,Rameshwaram,Jagannathpuri etc.
She worked for the welfare causes of people.She didn't support Sati&wanted widows to have a choice.
Maheshwar was a flourishing literary, musical,artistic and industrial capital of Ahilyabai.She established a textile industry in the city of Maheshwar. Ahilyabai's legacy of good deeds, her dedication to religion and her policies enriched the cities of Maheshwar and Indore.
Ahilyabai's glorious rule ended with her death in 1795.Republic of India in her honor issued a commemorative stamp on 25 Aug 1996.Citizens of Indore instituted an award in her name in 1996,which is given annually to an outstanding person.First recipient of it was Nanaji Deshmukh.
Poet Joanna Baillie wrote a few lines in honour of one of the Greatest Woman Maratha rulers of Malwa. She writes:

"In latter days of Brahma came,
To rule our land, a noble dame,
Kind was her heart, bright her fame,
Ahilya was her honoured name".


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दधीचि ऋषि को मनाही थी कि वह अश्विनी कुमारों को किसी भी अवस्था में ब्रह्मविद्या का उपदेश नहीं दें। ये आदेश देवराज इन्द्र का था।वह नहीं चाहते थे कि उनके सिंहासन को प्रत्यक्ष या परोक्ष रुप से कोई भी खतरा हो।मगर जब अश्विनी कुमारों ने सहृदय प्रार्थना की तो महर्षि सहर्ष मान गए।

और उन्होनें ब्रह्मविद्या का ज्ञान अश्विनि कुमारों को दे दिया। गुप्तचरों के माध्यम से जब खबर इन्द्रदेव तक पहुंची तो वे क्रोध में खड़ग ले कर गए और महर्षि दधीचि का सर धड़ से अलग कर दिया।मगर अश्विनी कुमार भी कहां चुप बैठने वाले थे।उन्होने तुरंत एक अश्व का सिर महर्षि के धड़ पे...

...प्रत्यारोपित कर उन्हें जीवित रख लिया।उस दिन के पश्चात महर्षि दधीचि अश्वशिरा भी कहलाए जाने लगे।अब आगे सुनिये की किस प्रकार महर्षि दधीचि का सर काटने वाले इन्द्र कैसे अपनी रक्षा हेतु उनके आगे गिड़गिड़ाए ।

एक बार देवराज इन्द्र अपनी सभा में बैठे थे, तो उन्हे खुद पर अभिमान हो आया।

वे सोचने लगे कि हम तीनों लोकों के स्वामी हैं। ब्राह्मण हमें यज्ञ में आहुति देते हैं और हमारी उपासना करते हैं। फिर हम सामान्य ब्राह्मण बृहस्पति से क्यों डरते हैं ?उनके आने पर क्यों खड़े हो जाते हैं?वे तो हमारी जीविका से पलते हैं। देवर्षि बृहस्पति देवताओं के गुरु थे।

अभिमान के कारण ऋषि बृहस्पति के पधारने पर न तो इन्द्र ही खड़े हुए और न ही अन्य देवों को खड़े होने दिया।देवगुरु बृहस्पति इन्द्र का ये कठोर दुर्व्यवहार देख कर चुप चाप वहां से लौट गए।कुछ देर पश्चात जब देवराज का मद उतरा तो उन्हे अपनी गलती का एहसास हुआ।

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